Deciduous Shrubs and Roses
Soil in beds containing any of
these plants should be lightly cultivated weekly to a 5
cm. depth. Do not cultivate too deeply as feeder roots may be injured.
Much has been written about
many types are available. Peat moss, Cocoa Bean shells
will prevent weed growth and moisture loss.
and Deciduous Shrubs
Soil around these shrubs, must
at all times be moist. Evergreens especially must
have a thorough soaking
just prior to "freeze-up". This is particularly important
when shrubs grow beneath
an overhang. Watering "deep" may only be
accomplished by leaving a
sprinkler in one location for long periods. (Two hour
minimum.) Cedar hedges
need a regular supply of moisture. If the fall season is dry,
give Cedars additional
watering and mulch to provide them with an adequate
reserve over the winter.
Trees require deep watering
twice each week in hot weather. Spraying the foliage
When watering, apply
sufficient moisture to wet the soil to a depth of at least 12
cm. Depending on weather. and soil conditions, the lawn will probably
Lawns should be
"pruned" every five to seven days with a sharp lawnmower.
Lawns: improved Bluegrass
lawns such as Park, require at least 3 kg. of
Nitrogen per 10 m2 per
growing season. The plants will not
take all this food at
the same time. It is
important to feed regularly every month with small quantities, or split
the fertilizer applications in order to apply 0.5 kg. of nitrogen per
month. To achieve this,
start early (once the last trace of snow has disappeared
and the ground is fairly
Trees: If tree is standing in
lawn or garden, fertilize early spring and in late fall. The
best method is to punch 3
cm diameter holes 20 cm deep and 50 cm apart beyond
the drip line, and place
1/2 cup of Food in each hole.
Backfill holes with peat
or sand and water in. Root Feeders and fertilizer
spikes are also handy for
feeding of tree roots.
Fertilize in early
spring or late fall with Food at 1
cup per square meter of
soil surface underneath the plants or use evergreen fertilizer
problem free shrubs, use 1 / 2 cup
per square meter as above.
to 1 meter in early spring: clean cultivate a strip 30 cm
wide on either side or
out to the drip line. For trouble free hedges, spread, Shrub and Tree Food
in bands 60 cm wide on both sides of the hedge water in well.
Evergreens may be pruned
either in April before growth begins, or in July after
new growth is hardened
Rhododendrons in most cases
require no pruning as grown in eastern Canada.
As illustrated above, most
deciduous shrubs should not be pruned to form round
Various types of pruning are
carried out on older trees, including thinning, shaping
"dead-wooding". Generally these operations should be
carried out by an
expert Dendrologist or
planted deciduous hedges such as Maples, Privet, Honeysuckle, Willow
Only plants that have grown
extremely tall i.e. 1.5 meters should have