How to Edge a Bed
A crisp edge to your beds will give them a professional
Difficulty Level: Average Time Required:
- Start the
edge about 6 inches away from the plants in your landscape bed.
- Using a
spade with a flat, sharp edge, push the blade into the soil, using one or
both feet as leverage.
- Push down on
the handle of the spade to slightly raise the soil/grass to be removed.
- Shake the
excess soil off the grass and debris, and place in a bucket.
- When you are
finished with the edge, put the debris on your compost pile.
What You Need: sharp, flat-edged spade
and a bucket
How to Plant a Tree or Shrub
Here are the steps to successful planting of a
containerized or balled and bur lapped tree or shrub.
Difficulty Level: Average Time Required:
- Dig a
planting hole about two times as wide as the diameter of the root ball or
pot, and about as deep.
- Enhance the
soil by mixing peat moss or compost with the backfill, up to about fifty
percent by volume of the backfill.
containerized plants, remove the container and score the sides and bottom of
the root ball with a sharp knife. This promotes outward growth of roots.
place the plant in the hole.
- For balled
and bur lapped plants only, if the wrap is polyester or another synthetic
material that is not biodegradable, cut it away and slip it out from under
the root ball to remove it.
- Fill the
hole halfway with your backfill and tamp with your foot to remove any air
- Water the
- After water
has seeped into the soil, fill up the rest of the hole with your backfill.
- Tamp the
soil with your foot and water again.
- Mulch around
the plant and keep watered for its first growing season. One through
watering per week, unless it has rained, should be fine.
How to Sod a Lawn
Laying sod is the way to achieve an 'instant lawn' in your
Difficulty Level: Hard Time Required: 90
- Prepare the
soil by raking and leveling the area.
- When your
sod arrives, keep it moist and shaded. Try to plant on the day of its
- Water the
prepared area that is to receive the sod.
rolling out the sod along a straight edge within the prepared area. If there
is no straight edge, make one by using stakes and string.
- Press the
edges of the sod tightly together; do not stretch the sod.
- Stagger the
ends of the sod pieces so that no two adjacent pieces end together. When you
need to cut the sod, do so with a sharp knife.
- When you are
done laying the sod, gently but firmly roll the sod with a roller, filled
about halfway with water.
- Keep the sod
well watered for at least two weeks, during which time the sod will knit
into the native soil.
the slope is steep, use small wood stakes to hold the sod in place. The stakes
will eventually rot away.
- When sodding
a slope, start at the bottom, and lay the sod horizontally along the slope
rather than vertically.
LARGE TREE PLANTING
Those planning to purchase large size plant material, may prefer to have one of
our professionals do the planting for them. Such being the case, the trees will
be planted, staked, wrapped if necessary, and guaranteed for survival. However,
if you should attempt to plant your own large trees, the following information
will be helpful.
SIZE OF HOLE Dig the tree pit 15cm deeper and 15cm wider than the root ball.
Replenish the pit with 2/3 top soil, and 1/3 peat moss. While holding the tree
in its proper location, add the top soil, making sure there are no air pockets
around the roots. Leave a saucer-like depression, and water well immediately
after the tree is planted.
STAKING Trees should be staked when planting. Two stakes, (3 meters in height)
driven into the ground, on either side of the tree, will allow you to tie the
tree with wire, inserted through a piece of garden hose.
WRAPPINGMost trees do not require wrapping. However, all large transplants, and on all
thin barked trees of dark colour, wrapping the first full year will help
eliminate bark splitting. Tree wrapping material can be purchased from our
Garden Center for this purpose.
WATERING Provide a good watering every week for one month, then once a month for
the remainder of the growing season.
FERTILIZING We offer you a broad selection of fertilizers for your trees and
shrubs, whether it be at transplanting time or feeding established trees or
SELECTION-When deciding the size of a tree or shrub for the position it will
take in the landscape, the ULTIMATE size should be considered. A large growing
tree may be much too large for your property, whereas several smaller, flowering
and fruiting trees might do the job better, and not eliminate sunlight
penetration. Choose plants that do not have to be pruned severely to retain
their size. If they are growing out of scale, (too large) remove and replace
them as soon as possible, transplanting them to a more suitable site on the
property. Our knowledgeable staff will offer assistance to you to ensure the
proper selection of plant material to provide the colour and pleasing effect you
OPTIONS FOR A LIMITED BUDGET
PROFESSIONAL via DO IT YOURSELF
Professionally landscaped properties obviously are expected to be rather outstanding, but the main advantage in having your landscape professionally done, is TIME. They (the professional landscapers) will definitely have your property looking beautiful very quickly, however, you will pay for that service. If you enjoy gardening, and do have considerable time to spend-evenings and weekends, (forget the golf and tennis) you can save yourself the cost of a professional job, and still have it looking gorgeous. Besides, landscaping is FUN and the fresh air and exercise is good for you. The key is PATIENCE and PLANNING.
SCHEDULE YOUR PLAN
You may prefer to develop your home landscape over a 3-5 year period. Establish a lawn first, then the patio and trees for shade and shelter. Consider the front area also, as far as trees and shrubbery, remembering that trees and shrubs grow and spread in time, so space accordingly. Also consider the window areas for view. The second year, add architectural screens, the traffic systems, and, if budget allows, the major landscape feature such as pools, etc.
Obtain a loan. A well executed landscape will appreciate the value of your home and will CONTINUE to increase in value as the landscape matures. Therefore, it might be a wise decision and in your best interests to obtain a loan and complete your home landscaping in one operation. Given the choice, landscaping the outside is a much, much better idea, investment wise, than
broad looming the inside. activity, whether it be for social entertaining or quiet meditation and as such should receive serious consideration in your renovation plans.
The size and shape must suit your personal lifestyle and compliment the architecture of your home. Terracing or use of raised planters will add interest and dimension to your patio and provide quiet hideaways for reading or
meditation away from the activity areas.
Many new paving materials are available from which to select your "Patio Floor" according to your personal taste.
The careful selection of plant material will not only add accent and colour and soften the hard landscape materials, but also provides privacy and screening of unsightly areas. Incorporating water fountains and lighting will add interest and a complimentary touch to your outdoor living
to choose the right Landscape Contractor or Design<<